The Ultimate List of Archetypes (Over 325)

by Scott Jeffrey

Archetypes are everywhere.

They are guiding, inspiring, possessing, ruling, and living through us each day.

Archetypes influence 99% of human behavior.

It’s not a question of whether archetypes are influencing your behavior; it’s a matter of degrees.

To the extent you’re aware of the archetypes operating within you is an indicator of your level of consciousness. With greater self-awareness, you’re able to navigate the emotional landscape of archetypes skillfully.

To complement my guide to archetypes, here we’ll explore a comprehensive list of archetypes so you can get to know your psyche.

What is an Archetype?

Simply put, an archetype is a set pattern of behavior.

Plato referred to archetypes as Forms, which he saw as pre-existing ideal templates or blueprints.

Archetypes are what Carl Jung called “primordial images” and the “fundamental units of the human mind.”

Every character you see on television and in films represents an archetype.

Virtually every response you give to your environment—the way you behave—is an expression of an archetype too.

Almost all human behavior is guided by archetypes.

“Archetypes,” Jung wrote in The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche,

“are the living system of reactions and aptitudes that determine the individual’s life in invisible ways.”

How to Create an Archetypes List

The general belief about archetypes is that there are only a select few. For example, a list of archetypes might have only 4, 6 or 12. Or, perhaps you’ll have a list of 52.

The reality is that there are thousands of archetypes. Each one possesses different behavioral patterns and subtleties.

A list of thousands of archetypes, however, won’t be very practical. As Einstein possibly said, “Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler.”

So first, we’ll run through a few archetype lists from popular models. Then, I’ll present a comprehensive list of archetypes for you to review.

Jungian Archetypes List

It seems appropriate to start our journey with the man who popularized the concept of archetypes.

Perhaps more than anyone else, psychiatrist Carl Jung provided us with a map of the human psyche. Through his analytical psychology, Jung classified many of the driving forces that dominate human behavior. (See my beginner’s guide to Jungian psychology here.)

jungian archetypes list

Here are the primary Jungian archetypes, all of which Jung addresses in Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious:

The Self
The Anima
The Animus
The Shadow
The Persona
The Father

The Mother
The Child
The Wise Old (Sage)
The Hero
The Trickster
The Maiden

Jung referenced many other archetypes in his work, but the above archetypes list highlights the primary ones.

Archetypes of the Masculine Psyche

Perhaps my favorite (and the most practical) model for understanding archetypes comes from neo-Jungian Robert Moore. In King Warrior Magician Lover, Moore and Gillette highlight the four primary archetypes in the masculine psyche as well as the eight bipolar shadow archetypes that go with them.

list of archetypes

The four healthy masculine archetypes are:

  1. King
  2. Warrior
  3. Magician
  4. Lover

The eight shadow archetypes are:

The Tyrant
The Sadist
The Detached Manipulator
The Addicted Lover

The Weakling
The Masochist
The Denying “Innocent” One
The Impotent Lover

list of archetypes robert moore

The four healthy archetypes of boyhood are:

  1. The Divine Child
  2. The Hero
  3. The Precocious Child
  4. The Oedipal Child

The eight shadow archetypes of boyhood are:

The High Chair Tyrant
The Grandstander Bully
The Know-it-all Trickster
The Momma’s Boy

The Weakling Prince
The Coward
The Dummy
The Dreamer

While Moore’s archetypal research focused on the masculine archetypes, his model extends to the feminine psyche as well where the King is represented by the Queen. He does say, however, that there are other variations in the feminine psyche that probably aren’t addressed in his work.

The 12 Archetypes List

The 12 Archetypes is a popular model from The Hero and the Outlaw by Margaret Mark and Carol Pearson. While the book is geared toward building brands, these 12 archetypes apply to individuals as well.

archetypes list

The 12 Archetypes are:

The Innocent
The Orphan
The Hero
The Caregiver
The Explorer
The Rebel

The Lover
The Creator
The Jester
The Sage
The Magician
The Ruler

Caroline Myss’s Archetype Cards

Now, we come to Myss’ Archetype Cards, a deck of 80 archetypes.

list of archetypes myss

Her archetypes list includes:

Addict
Advocate
Alchemist
Angel
Artist
Athlete
Avenger
Beggar
Bully
Child: Orphan
Child: Wounded
Child: Magical
Child: Nature
Child: Eternal Boy/Girl
Child: Divine
Clown
Companion
Damsel
Destroyer
Detective
Dilettante
Don Juan
Engineer
Exorcist
Father
Femme Fatale
Gambler
God
Goddess
Guide
Healer
Wounded Healer
Hedonist
Hero/Heroine
Judge
King
Knight

Liberator
Lover
Martyr
Mediator
Mentor
Messiah
Midas/Miser
Monk
Mother
Mystic
Networker
Nun
Pioneer
Poet
Priest
Prince
Prostitute
Queen
Rebel
Rescuer
Saboteur
Samaritan
Scribe
Seeker
Servant
Shape-shifter
Slave
Storyteller
Student
Teacher
Thief
Trickster
Vampire
Victim
Virgin
Visionary
Warrior

The Archetypes of the Enneagram

Every personality system represents a collection of archetypes. One of my favorite personality models is the Enneagram.

Within the Enneagram community, there are two versions of the model. While they are both similar, they use different names to characterize the archetypes.

enneagram archetypes list

 

One model developed by Don Riso and Russ Hudson outlines the nine personality types (or archetypes) of the Enneagram as follows:

Type 1: Reformer
Type 2: Helper
Type 3: Achiever
Type 4: Individualist
Type 5: Investigator
Type 6: Loyalist
Type 7: Enthusiast
Type 8: Challenger
Type 9: Peacemaker

The other model used by the Enneagram Worldwide and highlighted by Helen Palmer in The Enneagram describes the personality archetypes as:

Type 1: The Perfectionist
Type 2: The Giver
Type 3: The Performer
Type 4: The Romantic
Type 5: The Observer
Type 6: The Loyal Skeptic
Type 7: The Epicure
Type 8: The Protector
Type 9: The Mediator

Riso and Hudson’s Enneagram model also includes nine variations or levels of each personality type. If we include each level as its own archetype, the Enneagram actually includes a list of 81 archetypes. Plus, each type has wings and variants, which easily quadruples the number of potential archetypes.

The Greek Gods

One of the original archetypes lists is represented by the pantheon of gods and goddesses of Greek Mythology.

The list of Olympians include:

Zeus
Hera
Poseidon
Demeter
Ares
Athena
Apollo
Artemis
Hephaestus
Aphrodite

Hermes
Dionysius
Hades
Hypnos
Nike
Janus
Nemesis
Iris
Hecate
Tyche

A List of Over 300 Archetypes

Finally, we arrive at the ultimate archetypes list:

Accountant
Achiever
Addict
Addicted Lover
Adonis
Adventurer
Advocate
Alchemist
Amateur
Ambassador
Analyst
Anarchist
Anchorite
Angel
Anima
Animus
Apprentice
Arbitrator
Architect
Artisan
Artist
Athlete
Attila
Attorney
Author
Avenger
Beggar
Black Widow
Bon Vivant
Boss
Builder
Bully
Burglar
Caregiver
Casanova
Celibate
Challenger
Champion
Chef
Chief
Child
Clown
Communicator
Companion
Con Artist
Consort
Consumer
Copyist
Counselor
Courier
Court Jester
Coward
Craftsperson
Creator
Crime Fighter
Critic
Crone
Damsel
Dark Lord
Defender
Derelict
Destroyer
Detached Manipulator
Detective
Devotee
Devouring Mother
Dilettante
Diplomat
Disciple
Divine Child
Don Juan
Double Agent
Dreamer
Drunk
Dummy
Earth Mother
Emperor
Empress
Enchantress
Engineer
Enthusiast
Entertainer
Environmentalist
Epicure
Escort
Eternal Boy/Gild
Evangelist
Everyman
Examiner
Exorcist
Explorer
Fairy Godmother
Father
Femme Fatale
Flirt
Follower
Fool
Friend
Gambler
Gigolo
Giver

Glutton
Go-Between
God
Goddess
Godfather
Gourmand
Gournet
Grandstander Bully
Guide
Gunslinger
Guru
Healer
Hedonist
Helper
Herald
Hermit
Hero
Heroine
High Chair Tyrant
Ice Queen
Idiot
Impotent Lover
Indentured Servant
Indigent
Individualist
Innocent Child
Innocent One
Innovator
Instructor
Intellectual
Intuitive Healer
Inventor
Jester
Journalist
Judge
Killer
King
Knight
Leader
Legislator
Liberator
Lobbyist
Loner
Loser
Lover
Loyalist
Mad Scientist
Magical Child
Magician
Maiden
Martyr
Masochist
Master
Matriarch
Mediator
Meditator
Mentor
Mercenary
Messenger
Messiah
Midas
Ministor
Minstrel
Miser
Momma’s Boy
Monk
Monster
Mother
Mother Nature
Muse
Mystic
Narrator
Nerd
Networker
Ninja
Nomad
Nonconformist
Novice
Nun
Nurse
Observer
Oedipal Child
Olympian
Orphan
Orphan Child
Outcast
Outlaw
Patriarch
Peacemaker
Perfect Mother
Perfectionist
Performer
Persona
Philosopher
Pickpocket
Pilgrim
Pioneer
Pirate
Poet
Preacher
Precocious Child

Priest
Priestess
Prince
Princess
Private Investigator
Profane Prostitute
Progenitor
Prophet
Prostitute
Protector
Protester
Provocateur
Psychopath
Queen
Rabbi
Rebel
Redeemer
Reformer
Renunciate
Resuer
Revolutionary
Right Arm
Robin Hood
Romantic
Ruler
Saboteur
Sacred Prostitute
Sadist
Sage
Samaritan
Samurai
Savior
Scapegoat
Scavenger
Schemer
Scientist
Scribe
Scultor
Secretary
Seducer
Seductress
Seeker
Seer
Serial Killer
Serpent
Servant
Settler
Sex Addict
Shadow
Shaman
Shape-shifter
Sherlock Holmes
Sidekick
Siren
Skeptic
Slave
Sleuth
Snoop
Sociopath
Soldier
Solider of Fortune
Spell-caster
Spiritual Master
Spoiler
Spy
Stepmother
Storyteller
Student
Sucubus
Swindler
Sybarite
Teacher
Temptress
The Self
Therapist
Thief
Tomboy
Trickster
Tryant
Tutor
Vagabond
Vampire
Victim
Villian
Virgin
Visionary
Wanderer
Warrior
Weakling
Wealking Prince
Weaver
Werewolf
Wise Old Man
Wisom Woman
Witch
Wizard
Workaholic
Working Mother
Wounded Child
Wounded Healer
Zombie

Where to go from here?

As you can see, our psyche is filled with a pantheon of characters vying for our attention. It’s no wonder humans are such complex creatures.

Want to begin to make sense of it all? Start with this guide.